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Racing drone and FPV - permissions you should have

2024-02-21
Racing drone and FPV - permissions you should have

The rapidly growing world of FPV drones is tempting a growing number of virtual sky racing enthusiasts. However, before you take to the air, familiarize yourself with the current legal regulations. We present a compendium of knowledge for any FPV drone operator wishing to navigate the airspace legally and safely.

Latanie dronami FPV w świetle przepisów

Flying FPV drones in light of regulations

There are several ways you can legally fly an FPV drone. The choice of the appropriate path depends on the specifics of the planned flights:

  1. FPV drone at home/hall/room

    Private space, such as a house or hall, is not subject to legal restrictions. However, remember to keep people and property safe while flying. For FPV competitions, organizers may impose additional guidelines that must be strictly followed.
  2. Racing drone with goggles in the open category

    Open category includes outdoor flights within sight of the operator. Unfortunately, FPV precludes direct observation of the drone, so the presence of an observer is necessary to monitor the position of the device and warn of potential threats. The operator should also follow the guidelines of the open category, i.e:
    - Register with the Civil Aviation Authority
    - Put the registration number on the drone
    - Observe the height limit 120 m above Ground Level (AGL)
    - Comply with the requirements of the subcategory in which you fly (e.g., required training for drones over 250g, prohibition of flying over people)
  3. FPV drone in the special category

    Requires paid training, but offers greater freedom of flight. If the BSP pilot wants to fly without an observer, he can do so using the special category under the national standard scenario NSTS-01. FPV license for NSTS-01 allows VLOS and FPV flights with drones up to 4 kg. According to the chapter: UAS.NSTS-01.020 Flight conditions, FPV flight is to be performed up to an altitude of not more than 50 m above ground level and at a horizontal distance of not more than 500 m from the operator. You will do the training in any nursery.

Latanie dronami bez nadanej klasy

Flying drones without a class assigned

Operation of a drone without the assigned class C0-C6 is possible if it was manufactured before 1.01.2024 or meets the requirements of the class in question. For more information, see our comprehensive article.

Prędkość dronów wyścigowych

Speed of racing drones

FPV pilots build drones on their own for maximum speed and most of them can reach speeds of up to 140 km/h (140 mph). Ready-made drones are slower, but much easier to use. Beginners can start with FPV kits in which the drone, controller and goggles are immediately set up and ready to fly.

The following are recommended racing drones. With this table, you can easily check what the maximum speed of your drone is and whether it has a class assigned to it. Remember, if it is an FPV drone up to 250g, you do not need to do drone operator training.

BetaFPV

Model

Maximum flight altitude

FPV drone speed

Maximum load

It has a GPS system?

Class C

Weight

Maximum flight time

Pavo35

500m

≈15m/s

under 200g

not

not

235g

12 min

Cetus X

in accordance with C0

S and N mode 11m/s, M mode 13 m/s

55g

not

Yes - C0

54g

5 min

Cetus X HD

in accordance with C0

S and N mode 11m/s, M mode 13 m/s

55g

not

Yes - C0

65g

5.5 min

Aquila16

in accordance with C0

5 m/s

35g

not

Yes - C0

72g

8 min

Cetus

in accordance with C0

2 m/s

35g

not

Yes - C0

35g

5 min

Cetus Pro

in accordance with C0

3.5 m/s

35g

not

Yes - C0

46g

5 min

Pavo25 V2

500m

≈18m/s

under 100g

not

not

147g

8 min

Summary

Having the right credentials is not only a matter of legality, but above all safety. Remember that drone regulations are subject to change, so before each flight, check the current information on the following sites Civil Aviation Authority and PAŻP.

Author
Marcjanna Hubert
Chief editor of the Megadron blog, professionally involved with drones for 5 years. Student of New Media in Communication. Passionate about graphic design and travel, fascinated by the magic of storytelling through video. Creates a bridge between Megadron and customers by adding social media content: Instagram i Facebook.
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